ACT. (2011). The condition of college and
career readiness, 2011. Iowa City, IA:
Carnevale, A. P., Smith, N., & Strohl, J.
(2010). Help wanted: Projections of jobs
and education requirements through 2018.
Washington, DC: Center on Education
and the Workforce.
The Conference Board, Partnership for 21st
Century Skills, Corporate Voices for
Working Families, & Society for Human
Resource Management. (2006). Are they
really ready to work? New York: Author.
Fogg, N., & Harrington, P. (2011). The collapse of the labor market for 16- to 24-year-
olds. Philadelphia: Federal Reserve Bank
Kemple, J., & Willmer, C. (2008). Career
academies: Long-term impacts on labor market outcomes, educational attainment, and
transitions to adulthood. New York: MDRC.
Manpower Group. (2011). 2011 talent shortage survey results. Milwaukee, WI: Author.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation
and Development. (2010). Learning for
jobs. Paris: Author.
Symonds, W. C., Schwartz, R. B., & Ferguson, R. (2011). Pathways to prosperity:
Meeting the challenge of preparing young
Americans for the 21st century. Cambridge,
MA: Harvard Graduate School of Education, Pathways to Prosperity Project.
Curriculum, Instruction and Technology;;
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daunting, which explains why our
system has resisted such reform. But
the increasing shortcomings of our
current system of youth development—
from the loss of the United States’
position as an international leader in
education to record youth
unemployment—may have brought us
to the tipping point. Through my work
with the Pathways Project, I’ve seen
that all across the country, people
believe the time has come to forge a
more vibrant system for preparing our
next generation of adults. EL
1For an overview of this career cluster
initiative, go to www.careertech.org/career-clusters/glance/ clusters.html
William C. Symonds is director of the
Pathways to Prosperity Project at the
Harvard Graduate School of Education;
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